SAP Solution Manager Interview Questions And Answers

1). Explain what is SAP solution manager?

Ans)SAP solution manager provides you the functionalities like the integrated content, methodologies, tools, etc. to implement, operate, monitor and support an enterprise's SAP solution. SAP solution manager manages the SAP and Non-SAP solutions in the IT landscapes of an organization.

2).List out the main components of SAP solution manager and what does each component deliver?

Ans)The main components of SAP solution manager include

Tools: It gives central access to the tools you required to implement your business solution. For example Business Blueprint, Roadmap, Project administration,

  • Documentation
  • Implementation
  • Training
  • Provision testing
  • Support and maintenance
  • Monitoring and optimization
  • Change Control
  • Problem Management

Content: It is a collection of information about the business process and stored in various formats. Content manager structures and manages this information

  • Method
  • Roadmaps
  • Services
  • Best Practices

Gateway to SAP: You manage and monitor systems and business processes in your solution landscape in operational processing

  • SAP Active Global Support
  • SAP development
  • Service delivery platform

3).Explain what is SAP solution manager diagnostics?

Ans) SAP solution manager diagnostics are a group of tools to monitor and analyze SAP systems. The main tools are workload analysis, exception analysis, trace analysis and change analysis.

4).Mention the benefits of SAP Solution Manager?

Ans)Benefits of SAP Manager Solution includes

  • Automated configuration tracking
  • Easy Integration
  • Faster ROI
  • Reduced administration effort
  • Improved patch and upgrade management
  • Automated Alerts
  • Lowering cost
  • Centralized management
  • Automated Alerts

5).Mention what are the features of Change Request Management?

Ans) Change request management features include

  • Search and Monitoring
  • Change documentation
  • Manage project phases
  • Request for Change Scope
  • Enhanced Approval Process
  • Transport Management
  • Test Management

6). Explain how SAP Solution Manager helps in testing?

Ans)SAP solution manager helps in speeding up of test preparation and execution. It gives a single point of access to the complete system landscape and allows the centralized storage of testing materials and test results to support cross-component testing.

7). List out the features of the business blueprint?

Ans)The features of business blueprint includes

  • BluePrint Structure
  • Business Process Group
  • Associated Items
  • Business Scenarios
  • Blueprint document

8).Mention what key approaches are supported by the SAP Solution Manager in the implementation phase?

Ans)Process oriented implementation approach is supported by the SAP solution manager in the implementation phase.

9).Mention the transaction code for project administration in SAP Solution Manager?

Ans)For project administration, the transaction code is SOLAR_PROJECT_ADMIN.

10). What is the transaction code for Business Blueprint in SAP Solution Manager?

Ans) For SAP Solution Manager, the t-code for Business Blueprint is Solar01.

11).Mention what are the key features of Solution Manager Diagnostics?

Ans) Solution Manager Diagnostic feature focuses on root cause analysis for SAP Web Application Server Java Stack and SAP Enterprise Portal with the following features

  • Central configuration display
  • Central log file viewer
  • Software change tracking
  • Portal monitoring and single activity trace
  • HTTP analysis
  • Java performance analysis
  • Java thread dumps analysis
  • Load tests with mercury load runner

12).What are the features of CRM you have gone through or accessed while using the SAP Solution Manager?

Ans)There are certain features with which it has been equipped with and is dedicated for. It generally include Documentation change, Search and Monitoring change, Faster processes for approval, Project Phase Management in a better way, Test and Protocol Management, Transport Management

13).Name and explain any two components of Application Lifecycle management?

Ans)These are:

  1. Software Architecture - It explains how software actually work and what sort of features it would be having in it. Actually, it’s the layout of the application that define how exactly a software has been build up
  2. Computer Programming - It is basically a diverse array of computer alphabets done in a defined sequence to describe and manage the Application Lifecycle management.

14).Explain the significance of SAP Solution Manager in your own language?

Ans)SAP SM is simply capable to deliver an organization the methodologies and other functionalities so that all the requirements for operating, implementing, as well as monitoring of enterprise solution are done in an effective manner. SAP SM is of significant importance when it comes to integrating the solutions in IT domain of an organization. SAP Solution Manager also enables organizations in saving a lot of time on solution development.

15).What exactly are the responsibilities of human resources in Solution management department in an organization according to you?

Ans) These experts actually work with the clients of a business and pay attention to understand their needs. The needs of clients are actually changing frequently all over the world. Therefore it is very necessary for a business to pay close attention to the same. Prioritizing the capabilities of the customers is also the responsibility of experts in this department. In addition to this, they are also responsible for creating the true vision of the solution and define all the requirements.

16).How decentralize decision making can be good for solution management?

Ans) When it comes to finding a solution to any problem, it’s nothing but the decision making which matters the most. The users have to make sure that the entire moral or the other decisions are to be taken in a defined and effective manner. It is the responsibility of them to make sure of quick decisions and the ones which everyone agrees on without conflicts. Decentralize decision making is useful in this manner to enable business get the favorable fortune in the shortest possible time.

17).In SAP Solution Manager, what exactly is MRD?

Ans)It stands for Marketing Requirements Document which reflects all the marketing needs a business has to fulfill to get the favorable solutions. Of course, the market affects a business and there are certain important decisions that a customer has to take. MRD make sure of all the information remains with the business managers with the help of which they can easily provide in best solution and can tackle all the issues.

18).What is the significance of testing and experimentation in Solution Management?

Ans) Testing and experimentation both are the base of any activity made to find an effective solution to the problem. Both of them simply make sure of error free solution in the long run. The solution developers can also derive a lot of useful information that can help them in finding the solution to similar issues or to develop an effective solution in the future.

19).What do you mean by the term Continuous Exploration?

Ans)Continuous exploration is basically an approach that enable business in exploring effectively all the markets, as well as tracing the exact needs of their customers to define a roadmap for a solution. In SAP Solution Manager, there are some key features that can be accessed directly and the users are free to grab the maximum knowledge. Continuous exploration is generally done before the development of a solution is started.

20).What according to you are the best ways to find/develop or manage a solution in the Information Technology domain?

Ans) First of all, the developer should be well-familiar with the exact needs of the clients and must validate the solutions
The management must understand and support the portfolio work
Communicating and developing the vision of the program in an effective manner
Managing the flow of all the going activities towards an effective solution management
There must be active participation in the planning programs and activities
Building a strong team with good skills and knowledge

21). What are the prime components of SAP SM which you are familiar with?

SAP SM has been equipped with some of the best components that are good enough to be considered for deriving and managing some best solutions to complex needs and issues. Here is a list of some important components that largely matters.
-Support, Maintenance, provision testing, documentation, training, tools, problem management, optimization, monitoring, Project Administration, Change control and Roadmaping.

22). What is the significance of content which you will find in the SAP Solution Manager?

Ans) The SAP Solution Manager content is basically a collection of some useful information like any other content which enable business solution developers to gain knowledge and potential. The vast collection of information can easily be managed and stored in various formats

23).Can you name a few important gateways in SAP Solution Manager that are of significance importance?

Ans)The SAP Solution Manager content is basically a collection of some useful information like any other content which enable business solution developers to gain knowledge and potential. The vast collection of information can easily be managed and stored in various formats

24).What do you know about the SAP SM Diagnostics?

Ans)These are basically n array of tools that are useful in monitoring and analyzing the SAP systems. The tools that are of significance importance and are widely preferred are Exception analysis, Workload Analysis as well as trace Analysis. A few tools in the group have multi-dimensional features and i.e. they can be deployed for different tasks and reasons.

25).While working with SAP SM, what are the best things or the advantages of the same you have come acrossed?

Ans)The users can simply make sure of automated and simplified tracking of everything
It is possible to integrate this tool with other similar tools
All the alerts in the tool can be set to automated mode for getting some real time information
It has an excellent ROI
The organizations can simply make sure of low cost
Centralized management is there for every task and the users are free to keep up the pace simply
All the paths in a solution development approach can be improved
The overall administration efforts can be reduced upto a great extent

26).What is application Lifecycle Management?

Ans) In the present time, the IT applications are becoming essential and one of the prime needs for the businesses. Application Lifecycle management is the practice of assuring that the concerned applications used by the businesses can be integrated with other domains and can be used for a long time period. There are certain modules of maintaining the lifecycle of a product. The users are free to get a lot of information from the same about the working of different applications.

27). From the change request management, what sort of information you can derive easily?

Ans)It provides useful information on whether the requests are in completion mode or have already completed, the overall time required for the same, transportation integration, total number of incidents which are required to trigger a process, number of requests that are declined, as well as the present status of transport.

28).What is the significance of SAP SM in testing?

Ans)The execution as well as the preparation of test can easily be enhanced in terms of speed with the help of SAP Solution Manager. The users can simply make sure of accessing the entire system landscape and the users can simply make sure of centralized storage of all the results. The same can then be utilized at any stage when the need of them is felt.

29).In SAP SM, what are the features of Business Blueprint?

Ans) Blueprint is very effective especially when it comes to dealing with the solutions. The users are free to derive a lot of information on the concerned aspects very easily. The important features are BluePrint Structure, Business Process Group, Associated Items, Blueprint Document, as well as important scenarios.

30). In the implement phase, which approach is comfortable or is supported by the SAP Solution Manager?

Ans)The Process Oriented Implementation is the phase which is supported by the SAP Solution Manager. It is capable to deal with multiple solutions at the same time by providing the real-time information available for the users all the time.

31). What are the common types of Roadmap in the SAP Solution Manager?

Ans)There are four types of roadmaps which can be accessed by the users and they are:
Global Template Roadmap, Implementation Roadmap, Upgrade Roadmap, as well as Solution Management Roadmap. All of these are good enough to be trusted in the long run.

32).What sort of information can you find in the Data Dictionary in the SAP SM?

Ans) In SAP SM, it offers complete information on the software special requirements, running the R3 applications, data model attributes, rules for entering the data in the system, as well as on system management.

33).Is it possible in the SAP SM to reuse the existing material in the prime domain?

Ans) Yes, the same is possible and this is because of central storage of the testing results, as well as the materials. Also, they have a single point of access which clearly means there are no restrictions and can thus be used again and again.

34).What s the significance of CMRC transaction in SAP SM?

Ans)It simply enables users to configure the SLFN

35). Where you will find the workplaces in SAP SM? Is it possible to change their location?

Ans) They are generally present in the structures defining the roadmaps. Yes, it is possible but not for all the cases

36).Are there any special requirements for transacting the phases with special needs?

Ans)The system should have better configuration and the users must make sure that the same is not divided into its components. The component resolvement is to be done in a reliable manner after the processing of the information.

37). What does ARP stands for?

Ans) It stands for address resolution protocol

38). How SAP SM promises reducing the overall administration efforts according to you?

Ans)It actually monitors the system with real-time approach and at the same time, it enable users to interface in the business processes development with the help of which it becomes simple for them to make changes to the complex algorithms. Also, solutions can be tested in different manners. Thus, the overall administration efforts can be reduced greatly.

39).Where do i find information on Solution manager ?

Ans)Solution manager is one more server apart from R/3 System

40).What is solution manager?

Ans) It’s a server – In the networking(Architect) language It like a middle ware or In Between all the SAP system or central unit in the SAP Landscape Architecture.

41).Does Solution manager come, If you install ECC5.0 or ECC6.0 ?

Ans) ECC5.0 or ECC6.0 and My Sap are the software bundles and Solution manager is a part of the Software Bundle
Yes you need to install it separately apart from R/3 or ECC5.0 or ECC6.0 please – then you would understand or utility of the actual advantage of solution Manager please.

42).What is the difference between ECC6.0 and ECC5.0 ?

Ans)They are different bundles of Software ( two different versions please )
ECC 6 is more advanced or latest – for latest configuration please check the SAP web site.

43).What authorisations are needed to work with SDCCN?

Ans) he following authorisations exist:

Profile (in Basis rel 40*-46D)

  • – S_SDCC_READN Read authorization
  • – S_SDCC_SERVN Collect and send data
  • – S_SDCC_ADM_N Admin authorization
Roles (as of Basis Release 6.10)
  • – SAP_SDCCN_DIS Read authorization
  • – SAP_SDCCN_EXE Collect and send data
  • – SAP_SDCCN_ALL Admin authorization

When assigning the roles for the first time please ensure that they contain the corresponding profile.

44).How to activate SDCCN ?

Ans) If you have used the old transaction SDCC this must be deactivated prior to the activation of SDCCN.
To do this please delete any future background jobs connected with SDCC:
Then you can. locally activate SDCCN via ‘Utilites -> Activate’.SDCCN in a satellite system can also be activated from a connected SAP Solution Manager system.

45).SDCCN is activated, but SDCC can still be called. How can SDCC be locked?

Ans)Most likely you have activated SDCCN when the system was on basis release 4.x, and then upgraded to basis release 6.x This has to do with the change of the namespace for the old SDCC , from /BDL/* on basis release 4.x to BDL*. When SDCCN was activated on 4.x SDCC was locked via table /BDL/CUST. In 6.x the relevant table is called BDLCUST and does not yet have the lock entry.
It must be created manually, with report BDLSETUP:
Delete = unchecked

46).A task in SDCCN appears ‘active’ in the ‘To do’ tab, but the corresponding background job /BDL/TASK_PROCESSOR* has been cancelled.The apparently ‘active’ task cannot be cancelled.

Ans)At the moment only a workaround can be offered:
Highlight the task -> right click -> select ‘Start now’.
The icon should change to ‘match stick’ while the task searches for a free background job. Now you must immediately delete the task (if you wait, the task will actually be re-started).

47).Testing a destination to SAP in SM59 returns error message ” service ‘sapdp99’ unknown ” or ” error opening an RFC connection “. How can this be fixed?

Ans) The services file may not be maintained correctly. There are several options:
-Add the entry sapdp99 3299/tcp in the ‘services’ file of the customer system. This is usually:
UNIX: /etc/service , NT: system32driversetcservices. ( 3299 is the port number and tcp is the protocol)
This method should be preferred to option.
-Alternatively you can change from ‘sapdp99’ to ‘3299’ directly in the destination.
If this information is not sufficient to fix the problem please open a message in component XX-SER-NET.

48).In the log for the task ‘Service Preparation Check’ I find errors about a failed attempt to connect to SAP. What should be done?

Ans)Destination SAPNET_RTCC is used by RTCCTOOL, which executes the ‘Service Preparation Check’.
SAPNET_RTCC gets created automatically when RTCCTOOL connect to OSS the first time.
After an update of SAPOSS via TA OSS1 SAPNET_RTCC does NOT get updated automatically. The easiest way to ensure it is updated correctly is to delete the destination and then to recreate it via:
SAPNET_RTCC: SE38 -> RTCCTOOL or executing a task ‘Service Preparation Check’

49).A task was not processed at the time it was scheduled for. Why?

Ans)How close to the scheduled time a task can be processed depends on the frequency of the ‘Task processor’. The Task processor can only process tasks in the past. If, for example,the Task processor is scheduled to run only once a day, at 21:14, all the tasks in the to do list , which are in the past, will be processed after 21:14. The sequence in which they are processed is determined by the time they are scheduled for; the task scheduled for the earliest time is processed first.

50).Job /BDL/TASK_PROCESSOR is cancelled. In SM37 the job log has entries similar to this:?

Ans)Job started
Step 001 started (program /BDL/TASK_SCHEDULER, variant &0000000000000, user ID )
Variant &0000000000000 does not exist
Job cancelled