SAP HR Interview Questions And Answers

1).Explain what is SAP PP?

Ans)SAP PP process is related to production planning of a company and it encompasses all activities like MRP (Material Requirement Planning), BOM (Bills Of Material), Routing, Capacity planning, etc. but mainly it contains two segments
Material Planning: Material requirements planning, long term planning,
Execution Planning: Creation of production order, workflow, conformations, technical completion and good movement

2).Mention what are the production process in SAP?


There are three types of production process in SAP

  • Discrete Manufacturing
  • Repetitive Manufacturing
  • Production- Process Industries

3). List out the activities carried out in Production Planning?

Ans) TActivities involved in Production Planning includes

  • Processing material master
  • Creation of Bill of Material
  • Displaying work center and routing
  • Maintaining planning calendar
  • Maintaining production lot
  • Maintaining quota file
  • Defining range of coverage profile and profile for safety time
  • Defining MRP views

4). Explain what is Routing in SAP PP?

Ans)Routing in SAP PP is referred to a list of activities which are required to produce any material. For example, when you do cost estimation for the material, the system triggers the relevant routing and activity rates for all those described in routing. Which will helpful to calculate the processing cost in product costing.

5). What are the steps of Production Execution Process?

Ans) Production Execution steps include

  • Converting planned order to production order
  • Releasing the production order
  • Goods issue for production order
  • Confirmation of production order
  • Goods receipt against production order

6). What are the reports generated in product cost controlling information system?

Ans) Product Cost Controlling information system generates information for following areas

  • Product cost planning
  • Cost object controlling with the subcomponents
    • Product cost by period
    • Product cost by order
    • Product cost by sales order
    • Costs for intangible goods and services
  • Actual costing / Material Ledger

7). What is the use of MRP PP evaluations?

This role contains a function for evaluating the MRP result. This function can be used to find information about the availability of material and to identify any material shortage situation.

8) . Mention what is the purpose of using Capacity Planning?

Ans)Capacity Planning supports planning in all phases

  • Long term rough cut planning
  • Medium term planning
  • Short term planning

It can be integrated with various SAP applications like SAP-SD, PP, PP-SOP, PP-LTP, PP-SFC, etc.

9).Explain what happens to planned after it has been converted into production order?

Ans) When planned order is converted to the production order, the planned order are offset by production order. The planned order reference can be seen in the production order.

10). Mention what is the difference between stock transport order and stock transfer order?

Stock transfer order: It is referred to the transfer of stock for the usage in the same company
Stock transport order: It is referred to the change of title of stock in the name of the buyer

11). Explain what is PRT (Production Resource Tools) in SAP PP?

Ans) PRT (Production Resource Tools) are moveable operating objects used to perform repeated activities in plant or production maintenance, for example, documents such as drawings or programs for which document management functions are used. Various other PRT components include

  • Engineering drawings
  • Jigs
  • Fixtures
  • Measurement Instruments

12).Mention what is the t-code for changing production order and to display production order?

Ans)T-code to change the production order = C002
T-code to display the production order = C003

13). In SAP-PP what are the costing parameters?

Ans)In SAP-PP, the costing parameters are as below
Work Center: Activity types and the formulas, cost center
Routing: The time, activity types

14).Mention what are the types of Master Views for Production and Planning?

For production and planning types of Master Views are

  • SAP MRP1 View
  • SAP MRP2 View
  • SAP MRP3 View
  • SAP MRP4 View
  • SAP Work Scheduling View

15).Mention how MRP (Material Requirement Planning) types are classified?

Ans) MRP types are classified in two leagues

  • MRP types are classified in two leagues
  • Planning based on demand

16). Mention what are the keyfields found in MRP View 1?

Ans)MRP views 1 are mostly maintained for production purposes.

17). Explain how is the vendor return processed without a purchase order reference?

Ans)First you have to observe the return column and then select -- Item Detail > MIGO_GR > Goods Receipt for Purchase Order. Use movement type 161 if the intention is to deduct the stock otherwise, 162 is used to undo the changes. In the end, you have to ensure that the document is a return purchase order, and then the document is saved.

  • General Data
  • MRP Procedure
  • Lot size data

18).Mention what are the t-codes for creating, changing and summarizing BOM?

Ans)BOM transaction codes for

  • Creating BOM= CS01
  • Changing BOM= CS02
  • Summarized BOM=CS13

19). What do you mean by the term production?

Ans) It is basically the manufacturing of goods and services or shaping them in a form which is required by the users. There are certain things that the product or the services has to go through and each step aims to make the product or services better than the previous. Production can be in-house or outhouse.

20).What do you mean by the term planning horizon?

Ans)It is basically a defined time period of a production plan. Depending on the type and nature of product, its overall duration can vary largely

21). What according to you are the prime requirements for production planning?

Ans)These are right equipments, workforce, technology, controls and processes

22).What do you know about the Product analysis?

Ans) It is basically an approach of testing a product after its development and before its delivery to the customers. Product analysis makes sure of quality and better customer relations. In addition to this, it enables organizations to save the cost which they have to bear for faulty or wrong product delivery.

23). Can you name the different production processes available in SAP PP?

Ans) These are Repetitive manufacturing, Discrete manufacturing, as well as production manufacturing

24).What do you know about Routing in Sap PP?

Ans) It is basically nothing but a full fledge list that provide information on producing any material. It is very beneficial in predicting the overall cost of a project depending on the information stored in it.

25).What is the significance of work centers in SAP PP?

Ans) They are useful is some important operations such as maintenance of the task list, performing inspection, scheduling the tasks and monitoring the overall production.

26).What is the significance of MRP PP evaluation?

Ans)It is basically a function in the SAP PP which is beneficial in providing information regarding the overall availability of the material and if there is a quick need of the same in a short span of time.

27).What are the different phases of planning in the SAP PP the users can make use of?

Ans)These are Long term. Medium term and short term planning. The users are free to simply take the decisions regarding the module and the phase they are interested to consider. However, in SAP PP this largely depends on the data and the information availability.

28). Without BOM and Routing, is it possible in the SAP PP to create production order?

Ans)Yes, it is possible and for this, the users need to change the configuration in OPL8.

29).What is PRT in SAP PP?

Ans)It stands for Production Resource Tools. These are actually the movable operating objects that are of significance importance. They are considered when there is a need to repeat activities in the production.

30). What Is Sla ? Service Level Agreements?

Ans) Service Level Agreements (SLA) define the attributes for service products (for example, maintenance, Hotline) that have been agreed upon with the customer in service contracts. The SLA confirms different parameters, such as response time, availability time and system availability.

31). What Is Meaning Of Customized Reports?

Ans) The report which is not using SAP standard reports.

32).How You Get The Ticket?

Ans)After release order,the reservation will provide the ticke to pick production material.

33).What Are Gaps? Some Examples?

Ans)The GAPS are some issue in blue print that SAP cannot capture or prividing the client bussiness process.

34). What Is Lsmw?

Ans)The LSM Workbench is an SAP System tool that supports you when copying data from non-SAP systems.

35).What Do We Do In Realization Phase?

Ans)Provide ARICEF, Configuration Documents, integration test, BPP, UAT, Unit Test and implements some SAP notes.

36). How To Move To The Realization Phase?

Ans)You must have some blueprints to go in next phase.

37). In Lsmw Which Is Most Important Step?

Ans) Maintain Object Attributes
Maintain Source Structures
Maintain Source Fields
Maintain Structure Relations
Maintain Field Mapping and Conversion Rules
Maintain Fixed Values, Translations, User-Defined Routines.

38).How Requiements( Pir,sles Order, Customer Requirement) Are Reduced After They Are Produced?

Ans) Reqmts are reduced automatically after Delivery is made to the Particular Order (In case of Strategy 11, the PIRs are consumed after the GR for Production Order)

39).How To Insert An Inspection Checkpoint At The End Of An Operation?

Ans) If in process sample is to be defined, assign inspection type 03 in the Material Master.

Then create MICs and assign them in the Routings.

System automatically generates the Inspection Lots

40).Where We Have To Specify The Teardown Time In One Operation?

Ans)eardown time can be defined as one of the Standard Parameters.

41).How The Process Time Is Calculated In A Wc When Both Labour, Machine Categories Exist?

Ans)Scheduling is done based on the Capacity Category we define in the Work center.

42).How To Create Opbject Dependencies In A Bom For A Configurable Material?

Ans) Go to Extras -> Object Dependency -> Assign
For this U need to create Characteristics and Class (of Class Type 300) earlier

43) . Can We Create Production Order Without Bom And Routing ?

Ans) yes we can create a production order without BOM & routing. Change the Config in OPL8 (order type dependent parameters) as routing optional. But it may ask for a sales order when we try to create order using CO01

44).What Is The Difference Between Pp And Pp-pi? Which One Is Better And How ?

Ans)PP--> Production Planning mostly used for discrete type of industries, where at the time of confirmation the output is sure to be fixed.
eg Automobile
PP- PI--> Production Planning for Process Industries , here mostly used for the typical chemical industries , as the Yield is not fixed due to chemical reaction yield values can be varied to noticeable extent.
Eg X+Y =Z some 10 kg of X and 1 KG of Y gives yield that is Z of 10 Kg only.

45).How To Attach A Drawing For A Material To Bom ? Is It Possible ?

Ans)Yes, you can attach a drawing. First create a document using Transaction Code "CV01N - Create Document". Attach your drawing in that document. The system will generate a document number. Assign this document in the BOM with item category D. Report in Long Term Planning - You use long term planning for your customers, what they need are very simple, just to calculate future requirements for 1 or 2 years.

46).What Happens To Planned After It Has Been Converted Into Production Order ?

Ans)When you convert Planned order to Production order. the planned order are offset by production order. Reference of planned order can be seen in the production order.

47). How To Delete A Group Of Products That Was Created In Screen Mc84 ?

Ans)Delete the members in the product group and then archive the product group in transaction SARA, object=MM_MATNR. (The product group is created as a material master record with material type PROD and this record is deleted in SARA.)

48).Explain Why There Is Need Of Production Version?

Ans) In production version, we assign the BOM and ROUTING combination. And in case of alternate BOMs , it clears which alternative bom has to be selected automatically.

49). Explain What Is The Meaning Of Exploding A Bom?

Ans) it is the process of multiplying the requirement by the usage quantity and recording the appropriate requirements throughout the product tree

50).What Are All The Different Manufacturing Scenarios In Pp?

Ans) There are different scenarios in SAP PP module.

  • Make to stock
  • Make to order
  • External processing (Subcontracting)
  • Rework processing
  • Prodcution in another plant